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russian hemp

The Konoplex Group

Hemp (also known as Cannabis Sativa) is a traditional agricultural crop, cultivated in Russia for textile fiber and hemp oil production. The modern legally allowed for growing sorts of hemp are characterized by no active substances in concentrations enough to adjudge crops drug-containing. They also have improved biological characteristics that allow using seeds, stems and green part of the plant in different spheres of national economy. Hemp goods are is in demand in food, textile, construction, agriculture and other industries.

The group of companies “Konoplex” is a Russian agricultural holding, focused on growing and processing of hemp, as well as on research and breeding new sorts of this crop. The company has leading positions in high-quality hemp acreage. The nearest plans include construction of a new industrial full cycle complex for producing high-quality hemp oil and manufacturing hemp fiber.

The agricultural activity of the enterprises of the “Konoplex” Group is based on the principles of conscientious, environmentally responsible farming, which comprise simultaneously achieved high yields and maintaining the health of the lands.

The company is guided by scientifically based methods, formed as a result of a comprehensive study of the culture’s requirements to environmental conditions, and also specifics of its growth and development to implement these goals throughout the whole cultivation cycle. Along with this, restoring the rich, but almost completely lost in the practical context, the Russian experience of hemp cultivation, the “Konoplex” Group domesticates, develops and introduces modern high-performance and technological methods of hemp cultivation. High-quality seeds with proven sort characteristics are the primary condition for obtaining maximum yields of good quality. Agricultural enterprises of the “Konoplex” Group use certified seeds of non-narcotic hemp of the Central Russian varieties for growing, that meet all the requirements of the current regulation: “Surskaya”, “Nadezhda” and “Vera”. These varieties of hemp seeds bred by Russian scientists of the Penza Agricultural Research Institute, have a wide range of economically useful traits, are characterized by no active substances in concentrations enough to consider crops drug-containing, are resistant to many diseases and pests, and the products obtained from them can fully satisfy the diverse needs of modern food and processing industries.

All the necessary agricultural activities are carried out to provide crops with appropriate lighting, moisture and nutrition conditions, which crucially influence harvest and its quality.

An important factor in obtaining rich and effective harvests, meanwhile maintaining careful use of lands, is adherence to methods of literate crop rotation, which makes it possible to fully use beneficial properties of hemp, including improvement of soil microflora. Modern varieties of hemp reduce necessity in chemical plants protection agents, improving soil structure and clearing it from weeds. That’s why the plant is recommended for sowing in many crop rotation schemes.

Whereas cultivation of hemp is ruled by generally common agro techniques and methods, hemp harvesting and processing are specific processes, which require special technical means. The harvest technologies used in Konoplex agrarian divisions are aimed at preserving valuable and useful properties of all parts of the plant – seeds, stems and grassy parts. Almost complete absence of special agricultural harvesting machinery made the company to refine some parts of usual crop harvesting machines and perform hemp harvesting with modified and reworked serial combines.

The Konoplex Group Hemp (also known as Cannabis Sativa) is a traditional agricultural crop, cultivated in Russia for textile fiber and hemp oil production. The modern legally allowed for growing

I.CANNA.BLOG

Russian hemp – an annual that was never nipped by frost?

”Old Russian records talk about importance of hemp, not only in everyday life but also as an important medicine for pain relief.”

Miha Javornik, Ph.D, Professor
Researcher of Russian Culture, Faculty of Arts Ljubljana

The name of the village Konoplyovka (village near big Russian cities Penza and Tula), hemp leaves bound with wheat ears on the fountain, that the Soviets built in 1957 in one of the central Moscow exhibitions VDNH, are only two examples of the important role hemp played in the Tsarist and in the Soviet empire. In 1715 the enlightened sovereign Peter the Great gave the order to spread hemp and flax crops and something similar happened again in 1934 in the Soviet Union with a party decree about special benefits for those who grow hemp.

At the end of 19th century Russia was growing 40% of hemp materials in whole Europe and Soviet encyclopedia states that in 1936 the Soviet union grew 4/5 of whole world hemp production. Testimonials about hemp growing on Russia’s soil go back to 2000 b.c. to the basin of river Don and Dnepr. Old Russian records talk about importance of hemp, not only in everyday life but also as an important medicine for pain relief. This lasted until the Fin de siècle, at the turn from 19th to 20th century, when in that decadent period the use of marijuana as a recreational drug became more widespread. This is when the realization that content of psychotropic substances depended on where Cannabis sativa ruderalis (typical for central parts of Russia) is grown – it has less psychotropic substances when grown in cold areas. That is where the distinction between so called industrial and indian cannabis came from and later got established in Soviet era.

Up until 1917 Russia was very well supplied with anasha (slang term for marijuana) from tge south-east parts of the empire, but that changed after the October revolution when hemp production was drastically reduced. The before mentioned soviet decree from thirties brought hemp back. In 1961 the Soviet union joined the countries that signed the Unified declaration of use of psychotropic substances, intended to curb the ” heatwave of recreational use” in the fifties, with which it committed to put cannabis on list of dangerous drugs. That was the reason for the prosecution of anybody growing larger areas of hemp. This was punishable with up to 2 years in prison and is practiced up until today.

In the middle of the eighties, in time of Gorbachov’s perestroika and glasnost, that represents the process of transformation and democracy, the extremely strict system of control began to subside and consequently the cannabis trade increased. Smoking of Anasha, together with alcohol, offered an illusion of escape from the increasingly chaotic reality, that the Soviet society was facing. When the Soviet union fell apart in 1991 and Russia declared independence, under the rule of the first Russian president Jelcin the transition began and created a new class of rich people – the so called novorusski, that at first is a derogatory name for upstarts, that do not chose means to achieve goals. The use of different drugs of course increased. The ailing system of totalitarian control – together with the lack of appropriate regulation – also means uncontrolled production of psychotropic substances and current data shows about tenfold increase since 1990. In nineties there was a rise in companies that today advocate the health benefits of hemp online. So it is now possible to monitor daily news about hemp from the west even on Russian web sites. These are the forerunners of hemp re-legalization . Even in Russia.

I.CANNA.BLOG Russian hemp – an annual that was never nipped by frost? ”Old Russian records talk about importance of hemp, not only in everyday life but also as an important medicine for pain