Will CBD Oil Give Me The Munchies?
Marijuana is notorious for many of its side effects. It can make you giggly, sleepy, and paranoid. Arguably, its most famous side effect is the sudden increase in appetite known as ‘the munchies’. What causes this sudden spike in cravings? Is this effect common with users of CBD oil? (the short answer: no)
That ravenous increase in appetite is caused primarily by the THC present in marijuana and marijuana-derived products. The cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1R) gets activated and this can lead to the desire to eat excessively. THC also interacts with cells within the brain, called pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons, which are supposed to inhibit hunger. THC over-stimulates the POMC neurons, essentially making them function in reverse. It is this POMC interaction that is theorized to be the main contributor to the insatiable cravings.
A severe reaction has its place in medicine and can be therapeutic. People facing extreme circumstances, such as cancer and cancer treatments, or AIDS, often go through Wasting Syndrome. Wasting Syndrome is defined as uncharacteristically large decreases in weight and body fat. In these types of patients, the appetite stimulation is incredibly beneficial as it enables them to maintain healthy caloric intake.
For the average consumer, these reactions are too extreme to be of much good.
CBD might affect your appetite but in a much more therapeutic and healthy way. CBD products contain a very small, legal quantity of THC to increase the strength of the CBD. As such, CBD products will not give you ‘the munchies’. Still, when we are stressed, depressed, in physical pain, or some combination of all of those, our appetites are often negatively affected. CBD oil and CBD-infused products have been shown to be remarkably effective with helping patients control their symptoms. Once a person has their symptoms under control they often find that their appetite returns to a balanced state.
This healthy appetite increase is far removed from the fridge-raiding behavior brought on by the effects of THC. Though CBD does stimulate the CB1 receptor, it does so in a less overwhelming fashion. Whereas THC over-stimulates, CBD regulates. CBD restores internal balance, which helps explain why some have found CBD to have appetite suppressing qualities. Many people find comfort in food while they are struggling with various issues in their lives. By using CBD to confront the root cause of these struggles, people find themselves returning to a healthier, balanced dietary routine.
Different substances affect different people in many different ways. For the average person though, CBD won’t have you tearing apart your kitchen in pursuit of some salty or sweet grail. Likewise, it shouldn’t turn you off from eating either. Should it have any effect on your appetite at all, it will most likely be helping you regulate a pre-existing issue and helping you restore internal harmony.
Marijuana is notorious for many of its side effects. It can make you giggly, sleepy, and paranoid. Arguably, its most famous side effect is the sudden increase in appetite known as ‘the munchies’. What causes this sudden spike in cravings? Is this effect common with users of CBD oil? Continue reading to learn more.
How Does CBD Affect Your Weight?
Cannabidiol — better known as CBD — is a widely popular compound derived from the cannabis plant.
Although typically available as an oil-based extract, CBD also comes in lozenges, sprays, topical creams, and other forms.
CBD may have a number of benefits, including reduced anxiety, natural pain relief, and improved heart and brain health ( 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 ).
However, little is known about the effects of CBD on weight loss.
This article explores the current research on CBD and how it affects your weight.
CBD is one of over 100 compounds, known as cannabinoids, found in cannabis ( 5 ).
It’s the second most abundant cannabinoid — after tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) — and composes up to 40% of the plant’s extract ( 6 ).
Unlike THC, CBD does not have psychoactive effects, meaning that it does not cause a high ( 7 ).
However, CBD affects your body in other ways. It’s thought to stimulate certain receptors to reduce pain, anxiety, and inflammation ( 8 ).
It stops the breakdown of anandamide — a chemical often referred to as the “bliss molecule” — in your brain. This allows anandamide to stay in your system longer, helping relieve pain and boost brain function ( 8 , 9 ).
CBD also regulates the production of inflammatory molecules called cytokines, thereby reducing inflammation and pain ( 8 ).
What’s more, CBD may also help treat symptoms of depression.
However, because human research is currently limited, the full effects of CBD on health are still unknown ( 10 , 11 , 12 , 13 , 14 ).
CBD is a cannabis compound shown to have beneficial effects on health, including pain relief and reduced inflammation. Still, research is ongoing, and CBD’s full effects are undetermined.
CBD has been purported to improve other aspects of health, including weight loss. A few of its potential effects are outlined below.
May boost metabolism and reduce food intake
Preliminary research suggests that CBD may reduce food intake and boost metabolism, which could promote weight loss.
For example, animal studies indicate that CBD affects weight by interacting with CB1 and CB2 receptors in lymphoid tissue and the brain. These receptors are thought to play important roles in metabolism and food intake ( 15 , 16 ).
In a two-week study, rats were injected with CBD daily at doses of 1.1 and 2.3 mg per pound of body weight (2.5 and 5 mg per kg). Both doses produced significant reductions in body weight, with the higher dose having the most pronounced effect ( 17 ).
It’s important to note that CBD was injected, not given orally.
In another rat study, CBD led to a significant reduction in food intake compared to other cannabinoids, including cannabigerol and cannabinol ( 18 ).
While such results are promising, not enough human studies support these findings, and more research is needed.
May promote ‘browning’ of fat cells
Two types of fat — white and brown — exist in your body.
White fat is the predominant form, responsible for storing and supplying energy while insulating and cushioning your organs ( 19 ).
It’s also the type of fat most associated with chronic illnesses — such as diabetes and heart disease — when accumulated in excess ( 20 , 21 ).
On the other hand, brown fat is responsible for generating heat by burning calories. Individuals with a healthy weight tend to have more brown fat than overweight people ( 19 ).
You can convert white fat to brown by exercising, getting adequate sleep, and exposing yourself to cold temperatures ( 22 , 23 ).
Interestingly, research shows that CBD may aid this process.
A test-tube study found that CBD led to “browning” in white fat cells and enhanced the expression of specific genes and proteins that promote brown fat ( 24 ).
However, human research is needed to confirm these effects.
Marijuana use is associated with lower body weight
Although marijuana use is commonly associated with increased food intake, those who use marijuana products tend to weigh less than those who don’t.
For example, a review in over 50,000 people noted an obesity rate of 14–17% among those who used cannabis at least 3 days per week, compared to 22–25% for those reporting no marijuana use in the past 12 months ( 25 ).
As CBD is prevalent in marijuana, it’s likely involved in this relationship — although it’s unclear how.
That said, researchers believe that cannabinoids as a whole — including CBD — affect appetite, metabolism, and other weight-related body functions ( 26 ).
CBD may promote weight loss by reducing appetite, boosting metabolism, and encouraging the “browning” of fat cells. However, research is currently limited, and more human studies are needed.
CBD is a widely popular compound derived from marijuana and often promoted for weight loss. This article explores the current research on CBD and how it affects your weight.