Copaiba vs. CBD: What’s the Difference?
Using natural plant products in traditional health has been a practice for centuries. Mother Nature has provided some of the most diverse, complex compounds still used today to promote wellness and address a variety of concerns. When presented with so many essential oil options, you might pose the common question: What’s the difference? How do you compare Lemon and Lime? Lavender and Clary Sage? Cassia and Cinnamon Bark? Or, in this case, CBD and Copaiba?
The Endocannabinoid System
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a hot term in complementary and alternative medicine, and for good reason. It plays a fundamental role in managing many modern and prevalent concerns, including mood, inflammation, appetite, and relaxation. This biological system, composed of receptors, cannabinoids, and enzymes, is found throughout the central and peripheral nervous system and acts as a regulator for countless physiological processes. What that means is the ECS helps maintain internal balance in a world that is constantly changing.
CB1 and CB2 Receptors
Within the ECS, there are two primary receptors, cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1) and cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2). The brain and spinal cord contain CB1 receptors, whereas CB2 receptors are predominately found in our immune system. Due to residing in different parts of the body, activation of these receptors can have very different effects. For instance CB2 activation supports healthy nervous and immune system function, while activating its counterpart (CB1) receptors can modulate mood, memory, or even perception of pain. While binding to the CB1 receptors positively influences many brain functions, research has shown that it may also have some unwanted psychoactive effects 1 .
There are three groups of molecules that can greatly affect the function of the ECS: endocannabinoids (produced by the body), phytocannabinoids (produced by plants), and synthetic cannabinoids (produced in a lab). Phytocannabinoids are different because they are produced naturally by plants, such as Cannabis, Black Truffle, and Cacao, and found within essential oils such as Copaiba, Black Pepper, and Melissa.
Literature suggests that these ECS-influencing substances tend to be selective in the receptors they activate 2 . This means they tend to activate either the CB1 or CB2 receptors, and they do so directly or indirectly depending on their chemical makeup. Furthermore, the stronger or more directly the molecule adheres to its receptor, the quicker it will produce a physiological effect. This is precisely why Copaiba is such a valued essential oil, it is high in a phytocannabinoid called beta-caryophyllene (BCP). Beta-caryophyllene has the ability to bind directly to CB2 receptors to affect the ECS.
The Advantages of Copaiba
At the 2019 Together Convention, doTERRA’s Director of Education and Training, Scott Johnson, said, “Copaiba and CBD work within the same biological system, so people naturally want to compare them, but it’s not really a fair comparison[…]Copaiba has benefits that can’t be achieved with CBD.”
Because BCP directly binds to CB2 receptors, it produces rapid and powerful changes within the body. On the other hand, CBD doesn’t effectively bind to either receptor so it indirectly affects the ECS. In fact, despite having the unique ability to bind (indirectly) to both CB1 and CB2, CBD’s interaction is not nearly as intense as that offered by other compounds.
Exemplifying doTERRA’s commitment to Pursue What’s Pure, Copaiba is a product born from that standard. Unlike CBD, essential oils rich in BCP, such as Copaiba, are easily tolerated compounds that offer countless benefits to the human body. At this year’s convention, Scott highlighted other possible targets and pathways for BCP outside the ECS such as the CD14 receptor, the μ-Opioid receptor, and the α7-nACHRs receptor.* These receptors affect pathways associated with healthy inflammatory response 3 , overall body comfort, and cognitive function.
The Limitations of CBD
Because CBD does not bind directly to receptors, you can expect slower cellular responses. Scott Johnson said it best at convention describing CBD as a “helper molecule that signals the ECS to work more efficiently and modulate our responses to the molecules that do directly bind to our receptors.” Furthermore, as doTERRA’s in-house GCMS testing has shown, CBD—which is an isolate extracted from the cannabis plant—is often mixed with carrier oils, so absorption is limited and the effect is further decreased. In fact, a recent review of clinical data on CBD revealed internal usage may come with potential unwanted risks 4 .
In addition, according to a study published in 2017, 69% of CBD products were mislabeled and found to have higher levels of THC than are currently permitted by regulations 5 . This poses regulatory challenges and also increased risk for unwanted side effects. Not only can formulations of CBD contain some amount of THC 6 , but as previously mentioned, CBD is not an essential oil, it’s an isolate extracted from the cannabis plant. For doTERRA, the fact that it is nearly impossible for CBD to meet CPTG Certified Pure Therapeutic Grade ® standards for purity and potency is reason enough to keep it out of the product line.
With its fast and direct bonding to CB2, beta-caryophyllene is a powerful constituent with potential to support well-being in a variety of ways. Try taking Copaiba orally to support a healthy inflammatory response 7 , apply topically to help reduce blemishes, or use aromatically to create a calm and relaxing environment.* As Scott Johnson says, “When used daily, Copaiba helps you live a longer and healthier life with greater periods of homeostasis.”
* These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.BCP directly binds to CB2 receptors to produce rapid and powerful changes within the body.
February 12, 2020
As if there wasn’t enough to learn from the explosion of CBD oil products as more CBD benefits are uncovered, consumers also need to avoid confusion when it comes to copaiba vs CBD. If you’ve never heard of copaiba, when you opt to use CBD oil, chances are you will encounter copaiba sooner than later.
Right or wrong, these two products are often presented as one and the same. The first thing to be aware of is that, despite some similarities, copaiba and CBD oil are absolutely not the same.
We’ll look into the merits and differences between the two as part of our mission to ensure that our consumers are informed about the CBD industry in order to access the best products and CBD benefits available to them.
First things first…
What is Copaiba?
Copaiba comes from the genus Copaifera, which is native to Latin America, but has also been found in West Africa and Asia.
However, according to The National Center for Biotechnology Information , the most abundant source of Copaifera species are found in Brazil where, “In Pará state (Amazon region, Brazil), people of all ages and social classes consider copaiba one of the most important natural remedies from the Amazon region.”
Take a peek at how copaiba is sourced , courtesy of this video from Young Living.
We asked Dr. Tyler Call , to break down the basics of copaiba for our customers.
According to Dr. Call: “Copaiba is an oleoresin, which means it’s a natural plant product from the copaiba plant that consists of essential oils and a resin. It’s steam-distilled in order to create copaiba oil which is high in B-caryophyllene. Many people use it for a calming effect.”
Hmm… sounds a bit like CBD oil, especially to the uninitiated. However, Dr. Call explained, “While some people think that copaiba and CBD are interchangeable, they are entirely different products.”
Before we dive into the differences between copaiba vs CBD, let’s look at what CBD is in order to understand its benefits.
What is CBD?
Intended to enhance a healthy lifestyle, CBD or cannabidiol is naturally-derived from hemp plants.
In order to access this support, Nature’s Ultra has developed products depending on personal need and preference, including CBD oil infused with essential oils like cinnamon , mint , and citrus , as well as soothing CBD Joint & Muscle Balm and calming CBD Roll-On .
A critical distinction to make when discussing how CBD oil works is that CBD is not the same thing as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) , which is intoxicating and causes euphoric side effects. In plain English, you will not ‘get high’ from using CBD oil, as is commonly associated and experienced with cannabis use.
So, why then are consumers driving demand for CBD oil products like never before? And where does copaiba come into play?
Defining the Differences Between Copaiba vs CBD
In order to appreciate the differences between copaiba vs CBD, we need to delve a bit deeper into the nitty-gritty. In other words, get ready to be blinded by science. (Not really, this stuff is pretty simple).
Dr. Lindsey Elmore examines CBD vs. Copaiba: Are they really the same? , and explains that both copaiba and CBD contain a chemical called beta-caryophyllene (BC), found among more than 30,000 terpenes , which are “organic, naturally-occurring compounds that have specific smells and tastes and effects… Two of the more obvious benefits of terpenes are their flavor and fragrance.”
Both CBD and BC lend aroma and flavor to their respective plants, and there is some evidence that BC brings benefits. But BC is also found in ylang ylang, black pepper, oregano, clove, lavender, basil and many other essential oils. The conclusion that CBD and copaiba essential oil have the same benefits because of this single chemical constituent is incorrect.
Using a clever metaphor comparing the similar ingredient of flour used to bake cookies and bread, Elmore explains that although the compounds are the same, their interactions and resulting products are very different.
Relative to copaiba vs. CBD, “The same is true with the complex chemical make-up of natural plant extracts and oils. Having similar constituents simply does not make them work the same way… It is simply important to not extend evidence from CBD to copaiba essential oil.”
Ultimately, the use of copaiba vs. CBD is as personal as choosing to use products like CBD oil in the first place. It depends on personal needs and overall goals.
At Nature’s Ultra, we love Young Living’s copaiba essential oil and have included it in past products, with plans to infuse our future products with it, as well.
Whichever alternative or essential oil product you’re considering, it’s critical that quality assurance is in place.
Consumer Confidence Provided by Nature’s Ultra Quality CBD
Whenever a product floods the market, there is bound to be instances of suspicious or downright falsified quality. Vendors who are only in the market to make a quick buck off a trend will pass off any product as the real deal.
That’s why, “At Nature’s Ultra, we pride ourselves on creating potent, pure, effective, and safe CBD products . We test during every single step of the process to ensure that our products are as high-quality as possible.”
Learn more about our commitment to quality assurance as a company determined to change the landscape of the CBD industry and deliver exceptional products to our customers.
Still have questions about copaiba vs. CBD oil? Contact us and we will be happy to help you shop Nature’s Ultra products that are ideal for your optimal well-being.We look into the merits and differences between Copaiba and CBD as part of our mission to ensure that our consumers are informed about the industry in order to access the best products and CBD benefits available to them. ]]>