More about Cannabis Capsules
What are Capsules and Why are They Preferred by Some Users?
Patients often opt for capsules instead of combustible flower or vaporizable products because capsules offer an easier and more convenient method of ingesting medication compared with combustion. Capsules also provide patients with exact dosing information, which allows them to plan for consistent effects. Typically, capsules containing cannabis are not cultivar-specific and are labeled by their cannabinoid contents, such as THC capsules and CBD capsules.
How to Take THC Pills and How They Work in Your Body
Immediate-release capsules work identically to edibles . They enter the body through the mouth and are absorbed through the stomach. The absorbed compounds are then metabolized in the liver. This is where THC is metabolized into a compound called 11-hydroxy-THC, which has a longer half-life and can have more of a sedative effect than THC alone.
The liver’s metabolizing mechanism is unique to each individual, which is why edibles and THC capsules can produce different effects among people. But in general, if you’re wondering how long do THC pills last , the entire process can take between 45 minutes to to 3 hours.
Timed-release capsules follow the identical path of digestion, but the delivery of their contents can be delayed or drawn out over a period of time depending upon the capsule shell’s ingredients. Those engineered with liposomes and drug-polymer conjugates, such as hydrogels, allow for the timed release of their contents . Time-release THC capsules use these protective and inert ingredients to neutralize stomach acid for slower methods of release.
As a rule, the Cannabis genus contains two types of plants: hemp and marijuana. Hemp, which lacks robust terpenoid and cannabinoid spectrums, is grown for fiber and seed oil while cannabinoid-rich plants are grown for their full range of cannabinoids (THC, CBD, THCA, etc.) and other medicinally beneficial compounds. Both industrial hemp and marijuana are used in cannabis capsules and THC pills , but harvesting industrially grown hemp as a source of cannabidiol (CBD) is far from optimal .
THC Pill Effects
Because cannabis capsules are ingested and metabolized the same way as edibles, the effects are also more or less the same. After traveling through the digestive system, the cannabinoid is metabolized by the liver and directed into the bloodstream. Basically, you can expect to experience whatever effects are linked to the cannabinoids present in your capsules.
For example, consuming capsules that contain intoxicating amounts of THC will result in a stoned experience. Similarly, consuming capsules high in CBD will give you access to the purported medicinal and therapeutic benefits produced by that cannabinoid.
Ground decarboxylated flower
Some THC pills contain ground-up decarboxylated flower for oral ingestion. Cannabis flower requires decarboxylation for its THCA to become active THC, which is what allows patients to tap into cannabis’ benefits in a non-combusting way.
Crystalline is a powdered substance visually like table salt or sugar. Crystalline capsules contain nearly 100% pure powdered cannabinoids, often in THCA or CBDA-only formulas that allow patients to ingest their cannabis medication without the intoxicating effects associated with THC. The extraction process used to create crystalline strips cannabis of excess terpenes and other plant chemicals to leave only the desired molecule behind.
Distillate is a runny liquid that is similar to crystalline in that a distillation process is used to produce it, but its purity can run anywhere from 85% to 95% as the cannabis plant’s terpenes are often reintroduced into the final product.
Distillate’s cannabinoids are decarboxylated and are capable of providing users with some of the intoxicating effects associated with inhaled cannabis or ingesting edibles containing THC. Typically, distillate is devoid of a plant’s fats and waxes, thereby providing patients with refined THC or CBD in precisely dosed capsules without additives.
Some cannabis capsules contain one variety of cannabinoid, in which case patients can find them labeled as “CBD” or “THC.” These varieties do not contain any of the other medicinally beneficial cannabinoids or terpenes.
Capsules that contain mixed percentages of THC and CBD work to enhance the medicinal effects and modulate the psychoactive effects to meet patients’ individual needs. Capsules that include CBD can reduce users’ blood pressure response to stress , among other medical benefits . CBD-infused capsules deliver relief to patients while mitigating THC’s potentially adverse side effects , making the medication more tolerable to new users.
Cannabis capsules labeled as “full spectrum” include all of the cannabis plant’s available biomolecules — terpenes, cannabinoids, and everything in between. Full-spectrum cannabis capsules can contain decarboxylated flower or infused-oil bases and allow patients to feel the effects of cannabis without any additives.
Additional nutraceuticals are often added to capsules to tailor their effects . Additives such ginkgo root, astragalus, or maca root generate energy; spirulina, chlorella, or turmeric add nutritional value; and powdered valerian root, skullcap, lemon balm, or hop flower deliver sedative effects.
Most capsule shells fall into one of three categories: gelatin, hypromellose, and pullulan. Gelatin capsules are made from animal byproducts derived from beef, while vegetarian options hypromellose and pullulan are made from non-toxic plant derivatives and fungal fermentation, respectively.
How to Make Cannabis Capsules at Home
(Disclaimer: Much of the information provided within this page has been transcribed directly from credible sources. Again, methods described and ingredients listed may be illegal in your area. Any action you take upon the information provided here is strictly at your own risk , and Weedmaps and its affiliates will not be liable or responsible for any action taken based on the information and content provided on this site.)
Capsules made at home start with infused cannabis oil or decarboxylated dry cannabis flower. Those with sensitive stomachs should stick to oil. Otherwise, cannabis capsules containing raw flower are faster, easier to make, and just as effective as infused oil.
When creating cannabis oil capsules , the first step is to create homemade oil with coconut oil or olive oil .
If you aim to use raw flower , begin by preheating your oven to 220 degrees Fahrenheit, or 104 degrees Celsius. While the oven heats up, finely grind your cannabis. Cover a baking sheet with parchment paper and spread your finely ground cannabis on top. Bake for 60 minutes, but do not let the oven’s temperature rise above 250 degrees Fahrenheit, 121 degrees Celsius.
Once the oil has been infused, or the raw flower has been decarboxylated, you may then fill your capsules. A capsule machine greatly speeds up this process, but capsules can be filled one at a time by hand, too.
If you have a capsule-filling machine and will be using dry flower: Separate the top and bottom capsule halves (the bottoms are longer) and place the bottom halves into the base of the capsule machine.
Pour the herbal mixture into the pill maker and, using a card, evenly spread the cannabis across the capsule openings. Then use the tamper tool included with the kit to gently press the cannabis down. Refill the machine with more flower as needed. Once the bottom halves are full, fill the machine’s lid with the capsules’ top halves and then press them down onto the machine until the capsules are joined together.
If you have a capsule-filling machine and will be using an infused oil base: separate the capsules and load up the machine with the bottom halves. Use a syringe or dropper to carefully fill each bottom half. (Note: Coconut oil-based infusions should be warmed to ease the filling process, but not overheated.) Once each bottom half has been filled, place the top halves into the machine’s lid and press them down until the capsules are joined together.
A pill-sized, dissolvable cylinder used as a vehicle to administer medication through ingestion. Capsule shells, of which there are many variants, can contain any form of cannabis, even decarboxylated flower.
Canna Caps Tutorial – How to Make Cannabis Capsules
by Sirius Fourside
Many thanks to Old Hippie, whose tutorial taught me this recipe on how to make cannabis oil caps. You can check out his original article here!
Cannabis has been gaining more and more legal ground with Americans lately. Well over half of US states have legalized “medical marijuana” in some form, eleven states have already legalized cannabis across the board, and many more states are already talking about legalization in future ballots.
Canadians love weed just as much; they went even further and made it legal for adults across the entire country! How great is that!
Unfortunately, this rising popularity also comes with people getting into the business of providing “medicine” that isn’t quality checked. We know another cannabis advocate who was hospitalized shortly after using a cannabis extract that still contained isopropyl alcohol!
Luckily, you can make your own extracts using items that are 100% safe for consumption!
In this article, you will learn to make cannabis caps using only cannabis and coconut oil as the ingredients. And not only are cannabis caps safe to consume, they’re also safe to make! There is no fire or flammables involved; the most dangerous part is baking your cannabis in an oven at 225°F(107°C)! Let’s get started!
The caps pictured above are super-potent! We used almost an ounce of weed to make these 25 cannabis capsules!
Get All The Stuff You Need to Make Cannabis Caps!
What You’ll Need
Get the tools to make your own cannabis caps! The odds are that you already have some of the items you need to make caps of your very own, and most of the materials last quite a while, so they end up being cheap in the long run.
5.5 grams of cannabis
- Buds or trim can be used; buds produce a stronger effect.
- You can reduce or increase the amount of bud/trim used depending on your preference. The caps produced by the recipe will definitely be potent, but shouldn’t feel too strong.
- Coconut oil is the vehicle that will carry all the good stuff in your weed. It’s healthy, smells nice, has a non-offensive taste, and is easy to work with.
- You can find these at health stores, but it’s much more convenient to get them online.
- It’s possible to fill the caps one at a time, but it’s very cumbersome. This cheap little kit makes the whole process go much faster!
- The small size of this one is perfect for this recipe. Any crock-pot you use needs a “warm” setting.
- This is used to break up your cannabis buds or trim. You can use a grinder or your hands to break up the cannabis as a low-budget option.
- At one point, you’ll need to squeeze cannabis oil out of a little bag. A potato ricer presses harder than bare hands and it keeps your hands clean of oil.
- Found in the cooking aisle of grocery stores, or online.
10ml Oral Irrigator (Syringe with Tapered Deep Reach)
- You don’t want to try to pour the cannabis oil into tiny capsules. These (no-needle) syringes are an easy fix to that problem. The tapered reach makes it easy to fill capsules without spills.
Items You Might Already Have
Baking sheet (cookie sheet)
- For baking (decarboxylating) your weed before making it into cannabis oil.
2 small microwave-safe containers
- One container is for holding the tops of empty caps, the other is for holding your cannabis oil.
- Use foil to line your baking sheet. This prevents your weed from sticking as much.
A couple of rubber bands
Every item listed above (except for the cannabis) can be purchased on Amazon.com. It’s typically the easiest and most time efficient way to get your supplies if the price is right for you.
Warning: This Will Stink Up Your House
The process of decarboxylating and cooking your cannabis in oil will make something that can only be described as ‘an insanely potent cannabis smell’. Our solution (since we don’t share vents/air with neighbors) is to keep the smell bottled up in our house for the entire cooking time while running a fan + carbon scrubber combo. Once the caps are done and the smell isn’t being actively produced any longer, we let the fan and scrubber run for a bit longer and filter the remaining smell before opening any doors or windows.
Cooking Time: 5 hours
Short Version (full instructions below)
- Break up cannabis
- Cook it in an oven at 225° F for 1 hour to decarboxylate cannabis (“release” cannabinoids). It will stink! Don’t skip this step or the caps won’t be as potent.
- Grind up decarboxylated cannabis to a powder
- Mix ground cannabis with coconut oil in crock-pot
- Cook on Warm setting for 3 hours
- Strain oil and put oil in caps with Cap-M-Quik kit
One more thing…
When you finally finish making these amazing canna caps, make sure you dose slowly! They can come on really strong depending on how you make them, so it’s best to slowly test how they affect you. Try taking only 1-2 for the first few hours. If that doesn’t end up being enough, you can try taking more next time, or even make them stronger!
How to Make Cannabis Caps
1.) Preheat your oven to 225° F.
2.) Line the baking sheet with aluminum foil. This prevents cannabis from becoming stuck to the sheet.
3.) Measure out 5.5g of cannabis buds/trim (we’ll assume they’re buds from here on).
4.) Lightly grind your buds/trim so they cook more evenly.
- Food processor: Low setting for 5 seconds.
- Grinder (or by hand): Grind pieces to pinky-nail size or smaller.
5.) Spread your ground-up buds over the aluminum foil on the baking sheet.
6.) Place the baking sheet in your oven and set a timer for 1 hour.
- This is where it starts getting really smelly!
- Cooking time: 1 hour
- While you’re waiting, move on to steps 7 and 8.
7.) Plug in your crock-pot. It will turn on and immediately start heating, but it takes a while to fully heat up.
8.) Measure 60ml (1/4 cup) of virgin coconut oil and add it to the crock-pot. You can leave it heating up while your bud is cooking.
9.) Remove the dried cannabis from the oven and grind it up again to a fine powder.
- Food processor: High setting for 20 seconds.
- Hand Grinder: Grind buds to super small pieces.
10.) Add the ground-up bud to the crock pot. There should be enough coconut oil to completely submerge the weed.
11.) Stir the mixture and allow it to cook for 3 hours.
- I’ve allowed the mixture to cook in the crock-pot overnight for convenience, but I didn’t really notice much difference in potency compared to leaving it for 3 hours. Cooking longer than 3 hours doesn’t seem to help or hurt.
- Stir the mixture about once an hour; don’t use plastic to stir the mixture!
12.) Set up your Cap-M-Quik per the directions on the back of the box.
- Most cap-filling machines come with a “tamper” which is used to pack the caps with more material. You won’t need the tamper for this since you’re working with a liquid instead of dry herb.
13.) Set up 50 capsules in the Cap-M-Quik per the instructions on the back of the box. The tops of each cap should be held in one of the two containers so they don’t get lost.
14.) Cut off a square of cheesecloth. It should be a bit more than twice the width of the microwave-safe container.
15.) Fold the cheesecloth in half (so it’s twice as thick) and place it over the container. Hold the cheesecloth in place with a rubber band. You’ll use this to strain your oil mixture.
16.) Unplug the crock-pot and let it sit for 15 minutes so everything can cool a bit.
17.) Slowly pour or spoon all the contents of the crock pot onto the cheesecloth. The oil should slowly drip/pour into the container.
18.) Untie or cut the rubber band(s) from the container without letting the cheesecloth fall in. Bundle up the bud, and squeeze as much oil as you can from the cheesecloth/bud. Make sure all the oil goes through the cheesecloth so it filters out the bud. Be careful because the oil is probably very hot!
- If you don’t want to squeeze it in your hands (again, it’s hot!), you could place the cheesecloth over a mesh strainer and mash the bud down to get as much oil as you can.
- Don’t worry about getting a little bud in the caps, it won’t harm you.
19.) Throw out the wrung-out bud into your garbage disposal if you have one, and securely dispose of the cheesecloth.
20.) Use the tapered syringe to to suck up the cannabis-laden coconut oil, and gently fill the caps one at a time. Be careful not to overfill the caps.
- If the syringe gets blocked up, squirt some oil back into the container to clear the blockage so you don’t unleash a huge gush of oil on your capsules.
21.) Close the capsules (full instructions on the back of the Cap-M-Quik). Basically, you’re just taking the tops of the capsules from before, and putting them on the bottoms you’ve just filled up. When you put the tops on the caps, you should notice a *snap* as it clicks securely in place.
- You may need to press harder than you’d guess to get the caps to *snap*. It’s caused by two ridges connecting to keep the two sides of the cap together.
- If you overfilled any caps, don’t worry. Continue closing the caps, and when you’re done, empty the finished caps onto a paper towel and gently clean any excess oil off your capsules.
22.) Place the finished caps into a container and refrigerate until you’re ready to use them. You can eat them straight from the fridge without thawing. The caps will turn a lighter color after they’re cooled, due to the coconut oil solidifying.
- You can also keep them outside the fridge, but they may start to melt if it gets really hot.
- I’ve used capsules that were in my refrigerator for over a year and they were still potent!
There you have it! You should have about 50 (depending on the chef) cannabis pills ready for consumption. Remember that the amounts used in this tutorial are just a guide. You could easily adjust this recipe to make more caps, and to make them much weaker or stronger.
This is what Canna Caps look like after they’ve cooled off…
All that dark stuff is cannabis oil!
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Learn how to make Canna Caps (cannabis capsules), a potent marijuana extract that's safe to use, easy to make and only has 2 ingredients: Weed & Coconut Oil