CBD Oil for Shingles: Fact or Fiction?
CBD is all the rage these days, and it’s being used for everything from reducing anxiety to pain. But can you use CBD oil for shingles and the pain that comes with it? We took a dive into finding out what the condition really is, how it’s treated, and whether or not you can effectively use CBD oil for shingles.
What Causes Shingles?
As children, many of us experience chickenpox, an itchy rash caused by a virus that that lasts a couple of weeks from exposure to completion. Chickenpox is caused by the highly contagious varicella-zoster virus and spreads easily, especially among those who haven’t previously been infected by the virus or been vaccinated against it. Once you have had chickenpox, your body creates an immunity to the virus, preventing you from getting chickenpox again.
However, once you are exposed to the varicella-zoster virus, it remains in your system, essentially hiding inactivated in nerve cells. This virus can later become activated and cause you to develop the condition called shingles.
Shingles affects about 1 million adults in the United States each year. Currently, we do not have very effective treatments for this painful condition or some of its possible complications, such as post-herpetic neuralgia. As such, people are reaching out for natural ways to treat shingles in an attempt to find some pain relief. Some are using CBD oil for their shingles symptoms.
Using CBD Oil for Shingles: Just the Facts
Shingles is a painful red rash caused by the reactivation of the varicella-zoster virus. This reactivation is also called herpes zoster (not to be confused with other herpes viruses). Research shows that CBD is effective in treating various types of nerve pain, due to its effect on the endocannabinoid system. Although there are not any studies on the use of CBD oil for shingles directly, it is well within reason that it could help manage shingles pain.
The shingles rash typically affects one area of the body. Because the virus hides in nerve cells, the rash forms along the area of the body that those nerves control. This is known as a dermatome.
Common Symptoms of Shingles
The most common symptom of shingles is severe pain. Burning pain in one area of the body is usually the first symptom people notice. In some cases, people confuse the pain for other conditions, like a kidney infection or lung issue, depending on what area of the body the shingles affects. The tingling, burning pain generally lasts for a few days.
Next, a red rash develops. After a couple days, the rash forms small clusters of fluid-filled blisters that are terribly painful and itchy. Some people also experience:
- Abdominal pain
- Sensitivity to light
In most cases, the blisters scab over after 10 days or so, and after 3 to 5 weeks the rash clears.
Risk Factors for Shingles
Not every person who has had chickenpox develops shingles. Approximately 1 in 3 adults will develop shingles at some point in their lives. Although we do not know all the reasons why some people develop shingles and others do not, there are some common risk factors. These include:
- Being an older adult (over 50)
- Lowered immune system
- High amounts of stress
- Medications such as steroids
Is Shingles Contagious?
You cannot catch shingles from someone else; however, the varicella-zoster virus is highly contagious. This means people who are exposed to people with shingles cannot catch shingles, but they can catch chickenpox.
Complications of Shingles
Although most cases of shingles run their course within about five weeks, there are instances where this is not the case. In people with lowered immunity, the episode may last longer than five weeks. This warrants medical attention from your doctor. Furthermore, shingles can produce other complications. These complications include:
Post-herpetic neuralgia is when pain continues in the area of the shingles rash, even after the rash has cleared. This is due to damage having been done to the nerves. People who experience post-herpetic neuralgia may also become depressed or have issues sleeping due to their chronic pain.
If shingles develops around the eye, it can result in eye infections that could lead to blindness.
Skin infections are also possible with shingles. If the rash is scratched and the blisters are broken open, bacteria can enter the open skin and create an infection.
Currently, there is no cure for shingles. The typical course of treatment includes anti-viral medications, including acyclovir, valacyclovir, and famciclovir. These medications can help shorten the duration of the outbreak, however, they do not provide pain relief.
The conventional treatment for shingles pain is prescription medications like opiate painkillers, lidocaine numbing cream, or capsaicin topical patches. In addition, on some occasions, medications like gabapentin or anti-depressant drugs are recommended.
Post-herpetic Neuralgia Treatment
Post-herpetic neuralgia is difficult to treat. The most common treatments for post-herpetic neuralgia pain are steroids, traditional painkillers, and anti-depressants. These drugs are not particularly effective, and they also come with a host of side effects. For example, pain killers can be addictive.
Using CBD for Shingles
Because shingles is such a painful condition, and treatment options are limited and are only somewhat effective, people are turning to CBD products to help relieve their shingles pain.
CBD products are available as oral supplements, including gummies, pills, and oil, as well as topical salves.
The History of CBD Use for Pain
CBD is derived from the industrial hemp plant, otherwise known as cannabis sativa. There is anecdotal evidence to support cannabis’s use for pain management as far back as 2000 B.C.
There are numerous accounts of people using medical cannabis (also known as medical marijuana) for nerve pain. Medical cannabis contains the same cannabinoids as CBD oil. However, medical marijuana also contains THC, which is a psychoactive component not found in CBD products.
How CBD Can Relieve Shingles Pain
The Endocannabinoid System
The way we perceive pain is controlled in part by our endocannabinoid system. This is a signaling system in our bodies that influences our sensitivity to pain, especially pain due to inflammation. The cannabinoids in CBD oil activates the CB1 receptors and the CB2 receptors, which suppress our perception of pain levels.
Inflammation and Pain
The cannabinoids in CBD have potent anti-inflammatory properties. Research supports that CBD reduces the number of inflammatory chemicals in the body, including TNF. These inflammatory chemicals are part of our pain pathways, and reducing inflammatory mediators in the body can help lower pain levels.
What the Research Says
To date, there have not been any research studies specifically regarding the use of CBD oil for shingles. However, CBD’s effects have been studied in relation to a variety of other pain conditions, including joint pain, other types of nerve pain (including chemotherapy-induced neuropathic pain), and trauma-induced nerve pain.
CBD and Other Types of Nerve Pain
A review of the efficacy of CBD oil on several types of nerve pain found that CBD products are overall effective for nerve pain. Although the study did not assess CBD oil for shingles itself, it is reasonable to consider that CBD may be effective for treating shingles pain due to its effect on the endocannabinoid system.
Chemotherapy-induced Neuropathic Pain
A recent study found that CBD products were effective at reducing the neuropathic pain, which is pain that comes from nerve damage, in people treated with chemotherapy drugs. These drugs can negatively affect nerve cells, much like a shingles outbreak can, resulting in chronic nerve pain. Given that CBD was able to reduce pain in this condition, the possibilities of using CBD oil for shingles pain are optimistic.
Post-herpetic Neuralgia and CBD
As previously mentioned, a complication of shingles is chronic nerve pain—or post-herpetic neuralgia. Animals studies support that CBD is helpful for post-herpetic neuralgia. However, there have not been human studies to confirm this. Therefore, more research is needed.
A Summary of What the Research Says
To date, there have not been any human studies regarding the use of CBD oil for shingles. However, the use of CBD for shingles as well as post-herpetic neuralgia is promising.
Several studies on the use of CBD for other types of nerve pain show it is effective for pain management.
A shingles outbreak is a painful medical condition and can disrupt many aspects of your life. Current treatment medications are only somewhat effective and come with numerous side effects.
CBD products are shown to be capable of reducing nerve-related pain and can also help with post-herpetic neuralgia. However, it is always recommended to consult with your physician before making any changes to your medications or trying new natural supplements.
The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not currently regulate CBD products. When purchasing CBD in any form, ensure you are using a product that has undergone third-party testing. This helps ensure that the product you buy meets certain quality and purity standards.
Find out if you can use CBD oil for shingles as well as other types of nerve pain and pain-related issues.
Shingles (Herpes Zoster)
Updated on April 23, 2020. Medical content reviewed by Dr. Joseph Rosado, MD, M.B.A, Chief Medical Officer
Many have been taking advantage of the therapeutic effects of cannabis for some time now. Now, researchers are studying the benefits of medical marijuana for shingles. Many patients swear by its powerful ability to fight pain and other uncomfortable symptoms.
How and Why Marijuana Can Be an Effective Treatment for Shingles
You have endocannabinoid receptors all over your body. Blockage of these receptors doesn’t occur in the same manner as other types, which allows medical marijuana to provide you with relief from your pain in a way other treatments can’t. Marijuana for shingles also has anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties to potentially decrease your pain greatly, along with the other long-term effects shingles causes.
The journal Neuropsychopharmacology published a 2011 study showing medical weed had multifaceted neuroprotective effects. Researchers used animal models in the study and found that the activation of CB1 receptors helped prevent nerve damage.
What Side Effects and Symptoms of Shingles Can Medical Marijuana Treat?
Research shows marijuana and shingles treatment can dramatically improve symptoms in patients with shingles. While shingles itself isn’t yet a qualifying condition for medical marijuana, chronic pain is. As most anyone who has had shingles can attest, shingles are painful. The pain can last for days, weeks, months and even years after the shingles rash clears.
Medical cannabis for shingles can:
- Reduce the occurrence of postherpetic neuralgia
- Decrease your need for other pain medicines
- Prevent skin infections
- Help improve neuropathic pain
- Work as a topical treatment to improve the rash of shingles
The research also shows marijuana could be among the most effective treatments for shingles and its symptoms. While it can’t cure shingles, it may offer you a certain amount of relief other medical therapies can’t.
Medical pot is popular for its highly effective analgesic qualities, particularly when it comes to relieving neuropathic pain associated with shingles. A Neurotherapeutics 2009 study showed the THC in cannabis for shingles relieves neuropathic pain when traditional pharmaceuticals have failed.
The Journal of Oral and Facial Pain and Headache conducted a 2015 study showing cannabinoids effectively relieved neuropathic pain that wasn’t responsive to other forms of treatment. This study reviewed numerous randomized and placebo-controlled studies researchers began in the 1950s, which all supported the review’s conclusion. According to the review, other improvements were in the following areas:
Shingles attacks nerve cells, which are part of where the pain comes from. Morphine and other traditional pain relievers have questionable effectiveness since shingles causes damage to the receptors that normally allow regular pain relievers to offer relief. But you have cannabinoid and cannabis receptors throughout your body and shingles doesn’t attack these — this allows medical pot to offer pain relief for shingles patients. Medical cannabis can also decrease inflammation — another main symptom of shingles.
Best Strains of Marijuana to Use for Shingles Symptoms and Treatment Side Effects
While many medical weed strains are highly effective at treating shingles pain, patients report particularly pleasing results with these strains:
- Tangerine Kush
- Blue Dream
- Super Lemon Haze
- Super Skunk
- Strawberry Cough
- Purple Diesel
- Banana Diesel
- Maui Waui
Best Methods of Marijuana Treatment to Use to Treat the Side Effects and Symptoms of Shingles
There are various ways to take your medical cannabis for shingles treatment. Some ways include:
- Ingesting it through food, drinks or tinctures.
- Using vaporizers to inhale steam.
- Applying topical creams to absorb into your skin.
- Smoking cannabis via pipes and cigarettes.
- Applying cannabis-infused soap.
Individuals with shingles can benefit from topical cannabis products. You experience shingles pain in specific areas, and that makes topical marijuana medications a great option to target these areas. Medical cannabis topicals come in various forms such as balms, creams, oils and salves that your skin absorbs. These topical products bond to your CB2 receptors once absorbed through your skin and provide you with targeted, localized pain relief.
Topicals infused with THC provide you with pain relief without being psychoactive, since they don’t enter your bloodstream. You also get anti-inflammatory properties through CBD-infused topicals to help reduce the inflammation causing your physical rashes and pain.
No matter what method you use for your cannabis shingles treatment, it’s a great choice to relieve the pain and other frustrating symptoms.
Get Started With Your Cannabis Shingles Treatment Today
Many shingles patients have found relief through cannabis, which is approved for chronic pain in most medical marijuana states. Although shingles doesn’t have a cure and is a painful skin condition, using medical marijuana can significantly reduce pain and relieve the blisters, rash and skin discomfort the disease brings on.
Find a cannabis dispensary or search for a marijuana doctor to get your marijuana recommendation so you, too, can start getting the relief you deserve from this painful condition.
What Are Shingles?
Shingles is a condition caused by the same virus chickenpox comes from — the varicella-zoster virus. The virus stays in your body after you have chickenpox. It often lies dormant for years without causing any issues. Two out of three individuals won’t develop shingles in their lifetime. Unfortunately, this means that one out of three will, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
As you age, however, it can come back as shingles. While it tends to strike individuals older than 50 years old, anyone is at risk if they’ve had the chickenpox. In fact, about half of all shingles cases occur in individuals under the age of 60.
Shingles aren’t something you can catch from another person who has it. However, you can pass the virus on to a person who hasn’t had chickenpox yet if you have a shingles rash. You have to come in contact with the rash directly — you can’t catch it through the air.
Shingles don’t have a cure, but you may fight the virus and prevent lingering pain with medication if treated early.
Getting vaccinated can lessen its effects or may prevent shingles altogether. Doctors recommend the vaccine to individuals who are 60 years old or older and sometimes for individuals ages 50 to 59.
Causes and Risk Factors of Shingles
While shingles stem from the herpes zoster virus, nobody knows for certain what reactivates the chickenpox virus to cause shingles. Some researchers believe certain conditions could contribute to the reactivation of the virus, since higher incidences of shingles associate with them:
- A weakened immune system
- Skin injury where the rash occurs
- Radiation treatments
Anyone who has already had chickenpox can get shingles. Around 25 percent of adult individuals, even when healthy, will end up with shingles at some point in their life, typically after they turn 50 years old, reports the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. The likelihood of shingles increases with age — therefore, adults over 60 years old are 10 times more likely to get shingles than kids under 10. Those who are aging, have compromised immune systems or who use prednisone or other immunosuppressive medications are at a higher risk of the condition.
Young children who had chickenpox as infants or whose mothers developed chickenpox around five to 21 days before giving birth are at a greater risk of pediatric shingles.
History of Shingles
Shingles has been around since the Middle Ages. But doctors often confused shingles with smallpox, since smallpox was prevalent during that time. During the mid-1700s, William Heberden, a scientist, figured out how to tell the difference between smallpox and shingles. The cause of shingles was determined a century later.
In 1831, scientist Richard Bright became the first to discus the origin of shingles. He thought the spinal ganglion, or the dorsal root ganglion, carried the condition. Zostavax, an experimental drug, was developed in 2005 to treat shingles. The FDA approved this drug in 2006 believing it was beneficial.
Symptoms of Shingles
The symptoms of shingles affect one side of your body in a small section. Symptoms of shingles you may experience include:
- Burning, pain, tingling or numbness
- Sensitivity to touch
- Blisters filled with fluid crusting and popping over
- A red rash beginning several days after you experience pain
- A headache
- Sensitivity to light
The first symptom of the condition is usually pain. This pain can be intense for some people. Depending on where the pain is, you could mistake it for a symptom of problems affecting your lungs, heart or kidneys. You may experience pain with shingles without developing a rash.
While chickenpox occurs all over your body, shingles usually only affect one side of your body. The blisters of shingles tend to happen on your torso on one side of your body, wrapping around your waist. They may show up on one side of your face as well which calls for an immediate visit to the doctor.
Effects of Shingles
Shingles can cause both physical and mental complications:
The most common physical effects of shingles are:
- Postherpetic Neuralgia: Some individuals continue experiencing pain from shingles long after the rash and blisters are gone. When this happens, it’s called postherpetic neuralgia, and it occurs when you have damaged nerve fibers sending exaggerated and confused pain messages to your brain from your skin.
- Neurological problems: Shingles may cause encephalitis (brain inflammation), balance or hearing problems or facial paralysis depending on the nerves affected.
- Vision loss: Ophthalmic shingles (shingles around or in your eye) may cause painful infection of the eye potentially leading to vision loss.
- Skin infections: Bacterial infections of the skin may develop if you don’t treat your shingles blisters properly.
The most common mental effects of shingles are:
- Stress: In several studies, researchers found a link between stressful life events and daily, chronic stress with shingles. According to studies, stress could be a risk factor if mood disorders, poor diet, advancing age and other factors are present. These factors can affect the immune system negatively.
- Anxiety: People who have shingles are anxious over if the condition will spread to more areas of their bodies, how long it will take to go away, if it’s contagious and how long it will last. They also worry about whether the treatment will work, and may be embarrassed by their rash, particularly if it’s on the part of their body seen by others. Females and those over 60 years of age are more likely to experience anxiety when they shingles.
- Depression: When a case of shingles leads to postherpetic neuralgia and the patient is suffering from intense pain persisting for months or years, it could increase their risk of developing depression.
Statistics about shingles according to the CDC include:
- Around one out of every three Americans in their lifetime will develop shingles.
- Around one million shingles cases will occur in the U.S. each year.
- Individuals who had the chickenpox could develop shingles.
- Kids can get shingles, but your risk of shingles increases with age.
- Shingles are on the rise in the U.S.
Current Treatments Available for Shingles and Their Side Effects
Doctors usually diagnose shingles based on any blisters and rashes along with your pain history in one area of your body. They may take a tissue culture or scraping of your blisters to examine them in the laboratory.
A shingles rash usually clears in a few weeks without treatment. However, dermatologists do urge you to receive treatment since, without it, you’re likely to experience pain, itching, tingling and numbness that potentially lasts for months to years, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. Treatments may include:
If your pain becomes intense, you may require prescription pain medication. Narcotic painkillers do pose the threat of addiction. Other side effects may include:
- Impaired judgment
- Nausea or vomiting
Your doctor may prescribe antiviral medication immediately after diagnosing you, since these medicines work better the earlier you begin treatment. Some antiviral medications include valacyclovir, famciclovir and acyclovir. These medicines may help to reduce your pain and the length of time your pain lasts. Side effects may include:
- Red spots on your skin not related to chickenpox or herpes
- Easy bleeding or bruising
- Fainting or weakness
- Bloody diarrhea
- Yellowed or pale skin
Your doctor may give you nerve block injections for intense pain. These injections contain a numbing anesthetic and, in some cases, a corticosteroid. Side effects may include:
- Weight gain
- Elevated blood sugars
- Extra energy
- Soreness at injection site
- Death (extremely rare)
To reduce pain and swelling, your doctor may prescribe you corticosteroid pills along with your antiviral medication. This isn’t a common treatment, however, since it could cause your rash to spread. Side effects may include:
- Weight gain
- Skin thinning
- Bruising easily
- Glaucoma and cataracts
- Increased susceptibility to infection
Your doctor may prescribe other treatments after your rash clears, such as anesthetic patches and creams, anti-depressants, anti-seizure medications or pain relievers.
Lifestyle and Home Remedies
Using a wet cold compress on your blisters or taking a cool bath may help relieve your pain and itching. Reducing the stress in your life may help as well.
Typically, shingles goes away on its own within two to four weeks. If you’re healthy and young, you should expect to make a full recovery. Around one to four percent of individuals with shingles have complications that require hospitalization. Thirty percent of these individuals have impaired immune systems.
See how medical marijuana can help ease the symptoms of Shingles. Get treatment options and connect with local doctors at Marijuana Doctors today!