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Hemp Oil Canada

Hemp Oil Canada Inc (HOCI) is the world’s largest manufacturer of hemp food ingredients. We offer bulk ingredients and private label opportunities. Quality is our cornerstone. Our facility has the global gold-standard in food safety & quality certifications – BRC AA+. Our market reach extends globally. Visit us to learn more!

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Hemp Seed Hemp Protein Hemp Oil Broad Spectrum Hemp Extract CBD
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pollinated marijuana

How to Pollinate Cannabis

Table of Contents

Want to make cannabis seeds or breed your own strain but not sure how to collect pollen and pollinate effectively? It’s actually really easy!

1.) Collect Pollen When Pollen Sacs Start to Open

Pollen is collected from male marijuana plants after they start flowering, or occasionally female plants when feminizing seeds.

When the pollen sacs from a marijuana plant start to crack and look like they’re about to open up (or if you can see one has already opened) then your pollen is ready for harvest!

When pollen sacs are cracking and opening up, you’re ready to harvest your pollen!

Pollen spilling onto a nearby leaf

One way to harvest your pollen is to gently and carefully remove all the pollen sacs. Let them dry for a week, and then put them in a resealable bag. If you shake the bag the pollen should easily spill out. You may need to cut a few open yourself.

How to Store Cannabis Pollen

Moisture is your main enemy when storing pollen. It can help to double the mass of the pollen collected by adding regular cooking flour. This absorbs moisture during storage and as an added bonus, it will make application easier later when you pollinate your plant.

If you triple-bag the pollen-flour mixture and stick it in the freezer (with a good nametag so you know where the pollen came from), your pollen can be stored for a year or longer. Make sure to use “freezer” bags (platsic bags specifically made for the freezer are more effective than regular plastic bags).

2.) Pollinate Female Plant That’s 2-3 Weeks in Flowering

It’s time to pollinate when your plant has been in the flowering stage for about 2-3 weeks.

Example of young cannabis buds that are ready to be pollinated

When your chosen mother is 2-3 weeks into the flowering stage, take a paintbrush and ‘paint’ your feminized pollen on the developing bud sites you want to pollinate. Bud sites are located wherever you can see leaves meet a stem. By 2-3 weeks in the flowering stage, all the bud sites should have tons of wispy white hairs. These are where you want to put your pollen (in the wild, these white hairs are what capture pollen out of the wind).

Only the buds that come in contact with pollen will grow seeds. You can choose to pollinate all of your buds or just a few on the plant.

Make sure that you’re touching all the female pistils/hairs with your pollen. Here’s a little video showing you exactly what this looks like!

6 Weeks to Harvest Seeds

It usually takes about 6 weeks for your marijuana seeds to fully develop. Some plants are literally dying right as the seeds become ready, so try to keep your plant alive until the seeds start dropping. The seeds can be used right away, or stored in a cool, dry place for a few years (stored in the back of your fridge is great). Don’t forget to label them with the date!

This seed is about to burst out of its calyx!

This is what it looks like when the seed is exposed

1.) Collect pollen when sacs crack 2.) Pollinate female 2-3 weeks into flowering stage 3.) Collect seeds ~6 weeks later. Read the article for pics and more info!

How Cannabis Plants Are Pollinated

How Cannabis Plants Are Pollinated

As cannabis users make progress and gain more experience in marijuana cultivation and the features of cannabis plants, they get to this point where the decision is made to cultivate seeds instead of starting from scratch. Even though, the seed banks have done all the work and have an inventory of cannabis seeds from high quality strains, many of those seeds are quite expensive and could be a problem for a cultivator with a tight budget. So, in that case, it might be more feasible to grow cannabis plants from your own seeds. And it is not as difficult as you think. It puts you in control to grow the highest quality cannabis strains for yourself. You can produce your own sensimillia or seeded plans when you want. Let’s look at the life cycle of cannabis plants so you can understand better.

Marijuana Cultivation

In the traditional marijuana cultivation process, all the male plants are removed once they show any sexual characteristics. What does this mean? Well, it allows the females to remain without being pollinated. Essentially, you would consider the female plants ‘virgins.’ The female plants will put more energy into producing resin and THC instead of seed production. What happens next? Well, it produces sensimillia without having to use seeds. If you have a female plant that becomes pollinate, then you will have some rich and abundant seeds. The plant is not wasted, even though many marijuana growers will accidentally trash their pollinated cannabis plants. Female plants that bear seeds can still be smoked. However, sensimillia gives a better smoke.

In the Wild

In a wild environment, cannabis plants are essentially pollinated with the help of the wind, even though some of this happens to involve animals. For male cannabis plants, the flowers will come in before the female plants do and these will flower over several days, which make the flowering time overlap between the male and female cannabis plants. In so doing, the pollen production takes place at the right time.

Collecting Pollen

If you want to collect the pollen from male cannabis plants, you should definitely pay attention to the sex of the plants. You could pollinate the plants in your marijuana grow room. However, if you want to be in control and be able to let the female plants remain unpollinated, then you would have to remove the male cannabis plants once you are able to identify them. Make sure when you remove the male plants, you put them in a room that is separate and far away from where you placed your female cannabis plants. If you don’t, then female plant pollination might take place.

Steps To Take

When you are handling pollen, you should turn off the fans in the room and you must make sure your hands are washed and clothes clean, especially, if you are moving from one room to the next where both male and female cannabis plants are consecutively stored. In other words, hygiene is of the utmost significance. Once the male plants are isolated in the other room, it is time to collect the pollen. After choosing your male plant to pollinate, put a paper bag over flowering branch. If you are doing this for cross breeding efforts, then you would choose a male plant that has the best traits. To see the pollen being collected, use a paper bag that has a plastic window. Use tape to secure the bag around the stem area, sealing it. To let air get in, pinch a small hole at the top. Shake the branch once per day after shutting out air from the pinched hole. You will be then able to view the pollen being accumulated in the corner of the paper bag. Do this for an entire week. Cut the branch below the attached paper bag, then open up the top of the bag by tearing it and then take out the male flowers. The pollen will collect at the bottom of the paper bag. Pour it in a ziplock bag and then seal and store in a refrigerator.

Final Thoughts

After all that is done, go ahead and pollinate the female cannabis plants. Get our ziplock bag with your pollen and invert it over the end of the plant’s cola. The pollen will then be attached to the flower. Once your female cannabis plants are pollinated, they will start the seed production. To learn more about how cannabis plants are pollinated, go to the Cannabis Training University.

Get the scoop on how cannabis plants are pollinated and what aspect of it is more important than the other so you can produce quality marijuana strains.

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medusa cannabis

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Medusa

Taste & Smell

  • Earthy
  • Fruity
  • Sweet

Effects

  • Calm
  • Happy
  • Dry Eyes
  • Dry Mouth
  • Nervous

Pairs Well With

  • Housework
  • Knitting
  • Reading
  • Spa
  • Yoga

About this Hybrid Strain

The cannabis strain dubbed Medusa is far more appealing to look at than the Greek myth’s goddess. Its buds have layered dark and light green flowers spotted with a dense coating of resinous trichomes. This strain emits a scent similar to blueberries, and on the exhale, the taste is like a fruity sweet tea laced with wood and earth.

Some consumers have noted that Medusa can have the effect of creating a long-lasting body buzz that relieves tension and muscle spasms. Some have experienced relief from chronic pain while others have used it to help with glaucoma. Others have tried Medusa for its potential to help with symptoms of depression as mood improves and insomnia may be addressed as well since it’s been found to occasionally lead to sedation.

THC levels of Medusa average from the mid-teens to low 20’s while CBD levels are higher than average falling at just 1%.

Lab Data

Cannabinoid Lab Data

Cannabinoid Amount
THC: 15-20%
CBD: 1%

History

Medusa’s genetics currently remain shrouded in mystery.

The cannabis strain dubbed Medusa is far more appealing to look at than the Greek myth’s goddess. Its buds have layered dark and light green flowers spotted with a dense coating of resinous trichomes. This strain emits a scent similar to blueberries, and on the exhale, the taste is like a fruity…

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cannabis oil non hodgkin lymphoma

Does Cannabis Help Patients With Lymphoma?

Cannabis can be a powerful therapeutic tool. It has helped many people with a number of conditions. Can it aid people with Hodgkin’s lymphoma and give them a better quality of life?

Lymphoma is a type of cancer that not only displays the trademark side effects of other cancers, but also compromises the immune system, making the patient vulnerable to other diseases. When combined with invasive and stressful treatments like chemo or radiation therapy, Hodgkin’s lymphoma has the potential to be a very debilitating disease.

Hodgkin’s lymphoma or Hodgkin’s disease is a disorder of the lymphatic system. There are lymph nodes all over the body, including in the brain, bone marrow, and spleen. You can feel them as little lumps in your groin, armpits, and along the underside of the jaw. If you can feel them in your bone marrow or brain, you are pressing too hard.

Lymphoma affects the way white blood cells called lymphocytes behave. Lymphocytes are critical for immunity and are antagonistic towards viruses and bacteria. Hodgkin’s lymphoma infects the cells responsible for making antibodies.

Antibodies are protein markers that the body uses to identify invading pathogens. When an invader is identified, the immune system goes to work to seek and destroy. The lymphatic system then drains the harmless waste away and the body continues along, oblivious and healthy.

Hodgkin’s lymphoma turns off the body’s seek and destroy system. Cells that would have been targeted and flushed are now able to multiply as they please. This manifests in the body as swollen lymph nodes, usually in the chest and armpits.

The types of symptoms can vary depending on where the lymphoma begins. Internal glands that swell can put pressure on the stomach and gut, inducing nausea. Masses that appear in the chest or armpits will metastasise to the nearest cluster of lymph glands and so on.

The compromised immune system also makes the patient vulnerable to infection, bacterial diseases, and viruses. When your body gets a cold or the flu, the symptoms you experience are your body’s battle with the pathogen flowing in your blood. All thanks to your immune system.

Without an active immune system, a dose of the flu can be devastating.

CANNABIS AND LYMPHOMA

Research into whether cannabis can fight lymphoma directly has yet to be conducted in any clinical sense. However, there are studies that have given good reason for clinical investigation into the direct effectiveness of cannabis on Hodgkin’s lymphoma.

In a 2013 study [1] published in the journal PLOS ONE, it was found that the surface of Hodgkin’s lymphoma cells were covered in cannabinoid receptors. These CB1 receptors imply the potential for cannabinoids to bind to or influence them.

There has been encouraging success in the laboratory using cannabis compounds on other forms of cancer. Four primary mechanisms are responsible for the effectiveness of cannabis on different types of cancer cells.

  1. As an antiproliferative [2] , cannabis has been found to reduce the growth of tumours.
  2. It also interrupts metastasis [3] , which is the process of cancer cells spreading throughout the body.
  3. As an antiangiogenic [4] , cannabis has been found to prevent the growth of blood vessels to feed tumours. Without a food supply, tumours are starved.
  4. Apoptosis [5] is cell suicide. Normal cells are made, perform their function, wear out or become diseased, and are disposed of by the immune system. This process is happening continuously, millions of times a day. Cancerous cells are those that have stopped responding to normal immune triggers that dispose of diseased cells. Compounds in the cannabis plant convince the cancer cells’ own healing system to self-destruct—ironically and eerily similar to what cancer does to normal cells.

CANNABIS AND QUALITY OF LIFE

Whether cannabis can be effective in the direct fight against Hodgkin’s lymphoma remains to be seen. However, it may be able to help the patient in a number [6] of other ways. Appropriate use of marijuana and its extracts can ease the symptoms of lymphoma and improve one’s overall quality of life.

PAIN PAIN GO AWAY

Pain is the most common side effect of chemotherapy and often proves to be the most difficult to manage. A number of chemotherapy drugs can cause long-term problems like neuropathy. Neuropathy is an autoimmune disorder where the immune system attacks the nervous system causing chronic, extensive pain.

In general, medical marijuana patients prefer the magical green herb to other pain control medications. Prescription pain medication can have its own debilitating side effects like intoxication and addiction. A significant amount of distress from pain is caused by anxiety about the pain. The classic high experienced when using cannabis can reduce anxiety and make the pain less psychologically agonising.

GOODBYE QUEASY

The nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy can be a torment. Cannabis is a proven antiemetic. An antiemetic is a substance that relieves vomiting. Medical marijuana patients benefit from the known antiemetics tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). Being able to eat and digest is an important part of any recovery process.

Dating back to the seventies, studies [7] confirm the efficacy of cannabis compounds in reducing nausea and vomiting in chemo patients. In the following decades, preclinical trials and reviews backed up these preliminary studies. Medical marijuana has since gained acceptance and a legal status in many countries.

SANE IN THE BRAIN

Battling life-threatening diseases presents challenges in maintaining good mental health. Controlled doses of THC can have similar [8] effects to that of antidepressants. Cannabis, in its many forms, is renowned for bringing smiles to faces and euphoria to minds.

Rapidly absorbed CBD also has a positive [9] effect on mood. While many pharmaceutical antidepressants may take several weeks to balance out in the body, studies performed on rodents suggest a positive effect on mood with just a single dose of CBD.

ZZZZZZZ

Sleep is an indispensable part of anyone’s life, and is especially important when fighting disease or recuperating. The pain from lymphoma and chemotherapy can interfere with healthy sleep. Research has shown that cannabis helps patients fall asleep quicker, then sleep deeper and longer.

It is during deep sleep that the body and brain undergo regenerative [10] and restorative processes. Cannabis encourages deeper sleeps for longer periods. Getting good sleep is crucial to maintaining a healthy lymphatic and immune system. Decreased sleep is linked [11] to poor immune function, which must be avoided at all costs by lymphoma patients.

IT’S CANNABIS NOT CAN’TABIS

Studies will continue to unveil the efficacy of cannabis for treating different kinds of cancer, including Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Again, whether or not cannabis can directly fight this cancer remains to be proven. Nonetheless, cannabis really shines when it comes to easing the side effects of the cancer itself; equally so when used to relieve the side effects of treatments like radiation and chemotherapy.

Cannabis is a well-regarded therapy for a number of diseases and disorders. Can it help with Hodgkin’s lymphoma?

Cannabis Research for Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma

Adult non-Hodgkin lymphoma is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the lymph system.

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is a type of cancer that forms in the lymph system, which is part of the body’s immune system. The immune system protects the body from foreign substances, infection, and diseases. The lymph system is made up of the following lymphocytes: B lymphocytes, T lymphocytes, and Natural Killer Cells.

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma can begin in B lymphocytes, T lymphocytes, or natural killer cells. Lymphocytes can also be found in the blood and also collect in the lymph nodes, spleen, and thymus. — National Cancer Institute

Below is a Library of Cannabis Research Study for Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma.

Prospective Analysis of Safety and Efficacy of Medical Cannabis in Large Unselected Population of Patients with Cancer

Cannabinoids as Anticancer Drugs

Expression of Cannabinoid Receptors Type 1 and type 2 in Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma: Growth Inhibition by Receptor Activation

Cannabis Research Library

Over 1000 studies covering over 130 topics compiled for easy browsing.

Mission Statement: Rebrand Marijuana to Cannabis to facilitate the education of Cannabis (and to have fun)!

Disclaimer: Sativaisticated staff are not medical or legal professionals. All subjective writings are merely opinions.

SATIVAisticated © 2019 Cultivated by Harmon Marketing Co.

Library of Cannabis Research Studies for Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma by SATIVAisticated: A collection of scientific research studies that focus on Cannabis, Cannabinoids and Endocannabinoid System and how they might affect Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma.

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is cbd oil legal in sc

Is CBD Oil South Carolina Legal In 2020? Where To Buy It?

Cannabidiol is a substance that can be found in cannabis. CBD is now a trend in the medical industry because of its therapeutic benefits including relief from anxiety, reduction of some forms of pain, and prevention of seizures. Even if it doesn’t have any psychoactive effects and it has a lot of health benefits the status of Cannabidiol is a complicated one. It varies from place to place. With Cannabidiol establishing itself as an industry of its own and growing vastly in the health and wellness market, it is natural for residents to wonder where one could easily score this compound praised for having many health benefits.

The South USA has been slow to move towards legalizing cannabis, and SC is no exception to that rule. This conservative state has restricted the use and selling of these. Marijuana for medical and recreational purposes is illegal in SC. Possession of this is a criminal offense. First-time offenders can face up to 30 days in jail and a maximum of $565 fine for possession of it.

But for certain patients, low-tetrahydrocannabinol is allowed to treat terminal or chronic illnesses like epilepsy as long as it has a recommendation from a physician licensed by the state.

Like other states in the USA, Cannabidiol stores are popping in many towns and cities inSC. Is it illegal? If yes. What are the limitations? Where can you buy Cannabidiol in SC?

Is CBD Oil Legal in South Carolina?

Yes, CBD is okay to buy and sell in SC but there is a specific limitation in the state that only if these products are derived from hemp plants. The state’s cannabidiol laws are a lot as with the federal law because it centers around whether CBD contains less than 0.3% THC and has been derived from hemp.

There is a distinction between marijuana and industrial hemp. In alignment with the federal law, it considered anything with more than 0.3% tetrahydrocannabinol to be illegal and anything with less than 0.3% tetrahydrocannabinol to be hemp. Hence, everything that had been derived from industrial hemp is considered legal.

This also means that cannabis-derived cannabidiol products are considered illegal in the state.

For the summary, these are the guidelines for determining the legal CBD products:

  • It should be from a hemp plant
  • Should have less than 0.3% tetrahydrocannabinol concentration
  • CBD-derived products should only be prescribed as medication.

If they meet all the above requirements, they can be legally possessed, sold, and consumed in SC. The board also requires people who want to produce Cannabidiol or grow hemp plants to be licensed by the state.

Hemp-derived CBD can now be sold at stores throughout the place. SC hasn’t specified limits on how much CBD you are allowed to buy, consume, or possess. Hence, hemp-derived CBD is somewhat unregulated in this state.

But still, it is illegal to have marijuana for recreational purposes with or without a medical marijuana ID card. Possessing and selling an illegal Cannabidiol such as marijuana has offense penalties that go up to 10 years in prison and up to 10,000USD fine. It is important to note that marijuana is illegal in SC whether it is for medical and recreational purposes.

Cannabidiol that are recommended for epilepsy, seizure disorders, and other health cases are authorized under a separate SC law. The State allows people to use Cannabidiol products as long as they have a recommendation from a licensed physician.

You can legally possess Cannabidiol products if you are:

  • Suffering from Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome, Dravet Syndrome, other critical epilepsy.
  • It cannot be treated by other medicines unless Cannabidiol.
  • Have a recommendation from a physician or doctor of osteopathy from SC.

Thinking about buying CBD oil South Carolina but not so sure if it is CBD legal? Read on to discover is CBD legal in South Carolina in 2020.

Is CBD Oil Legal in South Carolina?

Yes! Hemp-derived CBD oil is legal to purchase and sell in South Carolina (SC). As long as the THC content is under 0.3 percent and it is not added to food products, CBD oil is legal in the state.

The question, “is CBD oil legal in South Carolina?” might seem like a simple yes or no question, but there’s so much more to it. Like a lot of achievements, hemp legalization in South Carolina encompasses its fair share of milestones and setbacks. It’s also been pretty recent since hemp cultivation was officially legalized, making it a hot topic of debate and discussion in the area.

The Road to Hemp Legalization in South Carolina

As they say, it’s all about the journey. South Carolina’s journey to CBD legalization consists of legislation and events that have sparked progress and even brought some roadblocks that need more time for development.

2014 – Julian’s Law/S1035/H4803

In 2014, Governor Nikki Haley signed Senate Bill 2015, also known as Julian’s Law. This bill allowed children with a certain debilitating medical condition to be treated with CBD oil if recommended by a physician. The legislation specified that the CBD oil must have a minimum of 98 percent CBD and a THC level of no more than 0.9 percent. It also stipulated that the CBD oil must be obtained from the Medical University of South Carolina.

Julian’s Law also opened up the opportunity for physicians to participate in a statewide medical study of CBD oil for other medical conditions.

2017 – Industrial Hemp Pilot Program/H3559

The state officially decided to heighten its crop diversity by legalizing industrial hemp cultivation in May 2017. In accordance with the 2014 Farm Bill, a pilot program was established to carry this out. This program authorized up to 20 growing permits for the first year and 40 for the second and third year. Each permit holder was allowed to grow up to 20 acres of industrial hemp for research purposes.

The number of permits granted in the years following would be determined by the Department of Agriculture and institutions of higher learning. It would be in the spring of 2018, where the state’s first 20 contingent cultivators would begin sowing hemp seeds. Interest in the program was strong, with 131 applicants during the first year.

2018 – Farm Bill & South Carolina’s Hemp Farming Act

The Farm Bill, signed by President Donald Trump in December 2018, removed hemp from the Controlled Substances Act (CSA), created wider access to growing licenses and allowed financial institutions to securely conduct business with hemp companies.

South Carolina jumped on board with this bill. Governor Henry D. McMaster signed the Hemp Farming Act, which lifted limits on hemp cultivation. It specifically:

Granted eligibility to anyone who previously applied for a grower permit under the previous pilot program to grow hemp in SC, provided they pass a background check.

Removed the cap on cultivated acreage.

Removed pilot program’s requirement that growers receive a letter of intent from an approved college or university.

The state permitted 113 growers to plant hemp across approximately 3,300 acres in 2019. And per the 2018 Farm Bill, as long as the THC content is under 0.3 percent, it is legal.

2019 – SC Regulators Set Boundaries on CBD

On February 20, 2019, the South Carolina Department of Agriculture (SCDA) made a statement that drew a line between what was legal and what wasn’t legal when it came to specific conditions around CBD. SCDA claimed CBD itself is legal but not when it’s added to “any human or animal food products for public sale,”

Derek Underwood, Assistant Commissioner of Consumer Protection, explained that until clinical studies can prove that CBD food items are safe and the FDA approves the research, they’ll remain illegal in the state. As a result, South Carolina CBD shops began halting their CBD food products, sticking to selling their non-food CBD products like tinctures.

Looking Ahead in South Carolina

With the legalization of hemp, SC legislators are now considering the possibilities of its sibling plant, marijuana. In September 2015, the Senate Medical Affairs subcommittee unanimously approved a bill that would create a medical marijuana program, but it did not pass.

The South Carolina Compassionate Care Act was proposed in 2018. If it’s signed into law, it would allow individuals with qualifying medical conditions to use medical marijuana. Specifically, it would provide this group with two ounces of marijuana, or an equivalent derivative, every two weeks. No final decisions have been made yet. It advanced to the SC House and Senate in 2019, but the legislative session concluded before the bill could be debated. The deadline to pass it has been pushed to 2020.

Where Can I Find CBD Oil in South Carolina?

South Carolina residents can get CBD products in brick-and-mortar shops throughout the state and from shops online. There are also smoke shops and food stores that carry CBD oils.

Because of the rapid growth and interest of CBD, hemp festivals, like the Lowcountry Hemp Festival, have been popping up in the state to raise more awareness and educate people on the supplement.

Stay Vigilant and Updated with Hemplucid

So is CBD legal in SC? Yes. Will it always remain this way? Maybe. As the CBD industry continues to change, so can state laws. Wherever you live, it’s always important to keep yourself updated with the latest news around CBD in your state to ensure you’re taking the right steps.

Committed to helping you make educated decisions, Hemplucid stays rooted in transparency and ensures our products stay within legal boundaries. So be sure to check out our Full-Spectrum and zero-THC products. Each of our items come with a QR code that gives you access to their Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Is CBD oil legal in South Carolina? Yes! Learn everything you need to know about the legality of hemp in South Carolina. Be sure to check out our products.

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really dense weed

How To Differentiate Good From Bad Quality Marijuana Buds

Many think they can tell the difference between good and bad-quality bud just by giving it a once-over, but there are certain nuances people don’t consider. In this guide, we’ll walk you through each distinction, and offer some key tips on how to grow premium-quality cannabis buds.

How to tell the difference between good and bad cannabis buds.

Contents:

It probably didn’t take long after you started smoking weed to realise the differences between cannabis buds. Despite how everyone claims their weed is top-notch, you’ve probably noticed when the flower just isn’t up to par. In contrast, when you’re holding quality cannabis, you know it right then and there.

To ensure you only buy the best buds, learning the differences between top-shelf fire from rugged brick weed is vital. You don’t need to be a connoisseur either, as the differentiating traits can be seen and smelled with no assistance. Learning the differences will help you browse the shelves, sure, but it’ll especially help you judge the plants in your own garden. That, in turn, will help you make any necessary adjustments.

Types of Cannabis Buds

Cannabis flowers can be categorised into various quality spectrums. You could be talking about stickiness, terpene profile, taste, texture, or an assortment of other factors. To keep things simple, we’ve narrowed things down to three basic categories: low, medium, and premium-quality bud.

Low-Quality

Low-quality cannabis has a sorry look to it, mostly because it travels long distances after being stuffed into small packages. Known rightly as “brick weed”, these buds often arrive at their destination as dense cubes.

Rarely grown for quality or with much care at all, the producers associated with this level of cannabis are purely profit-driven. Often a black market product, low-quality cannabis typically stems from south of both the US border and the European continent.

Of course, some home growers with the intention to sell may also accidentally produce cannabis of similar quality. Novice growers will often mess up during the process and leave themselves with dry, unremarkable buds.

The key signs of low-quality cannabis include:

Medium-Quality

Domestic growers all over the world mostly produce buds that fall into this category. These flowers are set apart from poor-quality cannabis thanks to their improved colouration, heightened scents, and overt flavours.

Most growers manage to dial in their nutrients, watering schedule, and environmental variables enough to produce cannabis of this quality. The most important factor, though, is putting pride and effort into their work.

If you’re looking for medium-quality bud, or simply trying to dodge the bad stuff, look for these traits:

Premium-Quality

High-grade. Top-shelf. Fire.

Premium-quality bud goes by many names, yet they all describe its immense flavour and mind-shattering effects. These buds are hard to come by outside of big cities and weed-growing areas. Generally, they’re the products of skilled farmers and master breeders in hotspots like Northern California, Spain, and the Netherlands.

You’ll find these nugget-like buds encased in jars on the shelves of reputable dispensaries and highly-rated coffeeshops. If you’re looking for the best buds money can buy, keep an eye out for the following:

How to Differentiate Good Buds From the Bad: A Guide

We hope the above generalisations make it easier to distinguish the quality of a given bud, but it can get a bit more complicated. Below, we’ll get into the nitty-gritty and inspect cannabis flowers a little closer.

Aroma

As we discussed before, aromatic molecules known as terpenes are responsible for said signature scent. Despite the similar undertone, though, most strains feature unique smells thanks to different concentrations of terpenes.

You’re probably familiar with the small, shiny structures on the surface of cannabis buds and sugar leaves. These mushroom-shaped glands—trichomes—pump out terpenes during the flowering stage.

You’ll know you’re dealing with good-quality weed when the olfactory wave of terpenes hits straight after opening your stash. While a pleasing scent and cannabis quality aren’t unconditionally connected, the former is a likely indication of the latter. Hints of flowers, fuel, earth, spices, sugar, fruit, citrus, and berries are among the most common aromas.

The quality of a strain’s terpene profile depends on several variables:

  • Genetics: Some strains are genetically equipped to pump out more aromatic terpenes than others, mostly due to selective breeding practices.
  • Drying and curing: Genetics only achieve so much. Correctly drying, curing, and storing cannabis will preserve the terpene profile and make for better-tasting buds.
  • The right nutrients: During the flowering stage, cannabis plants have a higher demand for potassium and phosphorus and less of a need for nitrogen. Get this balance right, and you’ll produce some fantastic-smelling flowers.
  • Living soil: A strong microbial population will help plants access all of the nutrients they need to develop an optimal terpene profile.
  • Companion planting: Many growers claim planting basil in close proximity to cannabis helps improve its smell.

Quick Growing Tip: Boosting terpenes will improve the overall smell and flavour of your plants. Select strains such as Lemon Shining Silver Haze and Haze Berry to start with a genetic advantage.

Colour

Although you can’t judge a book by its cover, you can definitely judge cannabis buds by their appearance. There are many factors that indicate quality to a trained eye, and colour is one of the most important.

Of course, cannabis flowers come in an array of different hues of purple, orange, green, and red. It isn’t so much the colour that gives away quality, but more so the vibrancy. See, healthy and well-grown cannabis flowers have a bright and shiny look to them.

Such vibrancy signals good genetics, solid growing techniques, and adequate curing and storage. In contrast, poor-quality cannabis appears matte, dull, and pallid. These buds are often dark green to brown, pale, and ultimately unappealing.

Quick Growing Tip: Flushing plants at the right moment will prevent excess nutrients from accumulating in flowers and eliminate nutrient burn.

Additional Tip: Play around with genetics and temperature to grow purple weed! Start with genetics like Purple Queen to increase your chances of success.

Orange/Brown Pistils

Upon looking closely at the surface of cannabis flowers, you’ll come across a miniature landscape—valleys, peaks, and all—made up of different glands, organs, and structures. Among the scenery, the pistils protrude the most.

These hair-like tendrils are the sex organ of the female cannabis flower, serving as the receiver of male pollen. Once this genetic dust makes contact, the flower becomes fertile and swiftly goes to seed.

Away from their biological role, pistils serve as useful progress markers. During the early flowering stage, these reproductive parts boast a brilliant whiteness. As the weeks go by, their appearance turns to a solid dark orange.

You should always look for deep orange pistils when eyeing up buds. Harvest should ideally take place when at least 70% of the hairs turn this colour. This indicates the buds are ripe, mature, and ready for snipping. Flowers with mostly white pistils signal immature cannabis. Left a while longer, these flowers will mature and unleash a complete cannabinoid and terpene profile.

Quick Growing Tip: Harvest at the right moment, ensuring pistils are the right colour at the right time. You’ll need to be patient when cultivating strains like Amnesia Haze, as they have a slightly longer flowering time.

Crystals/Resin

Trichomes are the most abundant feature on the surface of good-quality flowers. To the naked eye, they appear as a fine layer of crystals that shimmer under torchlight or the flame of a lighter.

These mushroom-shaped structures feature a bulbous head atop a narrow stalk. In this head, specialised cells tasked with resin production work tirelessly during the flowering phase. The resin exudes downward and gradually covers the majority of the surface of the flower. This resin—and its active phytochemicals—help guard buds against insect attacks and temperature extremes.

The substance contains a complex array of molecules. Those of interest to us include cannabinoids such as THC and CBD, along with terpenes like myrcene, pinene, and limonene. The more trichomes a flower possesses, the more resin it will produce. The more resin coating the surface of a bud, the more cannabinoids and terpenes sit ready to be combusted, vaporized, or chewed and swallowed.

You’ll be able to tell the trichome and resin content of a bud just by looking at it and holding it. Note how it glitters, the stickiness, and consider the resistance generated as you peel your fingertips from the flower.

Quick Growing Tip: Utilise environmental factors to boost trichome production. Strains such as ICE are genetically wired to develop high quantities of trichomes.

Dense/Fluffy

How buds feel in the hand says a lot about their quality. Every grower hopes for dense and heavy buds at the end of the growing season. These flowers simply hold more mass, look much healthier, and smoke smoother.

Grinding up dense cannabis flowers seems to almost double their size. Even a small chunk of a compact flower can grind down to fill a good-sized joint. In contrast, fluffy buds yield disappointment and less plant matter. These airy flowers are often the result of suboptimal growing conditions, a lack of light, or nutrient deficiency.

Fluffy buds don’t only look less appetising, but you’ll need to use more of your harvest every time you roll a blunt or hit a bowl. Dense buds will offer some resistance and spring back to their original shape. Airy buds will almost collapse in on themselves, and feel much more feeble to the touch.

Quick Tip: Sativa and indica flowers tend to look different; know what to look for when browsing.

Growing Tip: Utilise powerful lights to grow dense and compact flowers.

Seeds

The presence of seeds is never a sign of quality flowers. The very word sinsemilla—a name given to weed of exceptional quality—refers to flowers devoid of seeds.

Remember those protruding pistils we covered earlier? When pollen from a male plant lands on the tendrils, it starts a process of changing the biochemical activity of the cannabis flower. The plant diverts its energy and efforts away from producing sticky resin and towards making seeds instead.

Flowers with seeds don’t reach peak potency and maturity because the resources are swallowed up by reproductive efforts instead. Cannabis seeds also make flowers heavier, meaning you end up paying more for less flower. If you buy one gram of weed and find 200mg of seeds nested within, you’ve wasted money. That might not seem like much, but consider that across 50–100 purchases, and that’s a lot of lost bud.

Unnoticed seeds can also ruin a smoke session. Seeds pop when the flame of the joint hits them, disturbing your zen and sending harsh smoke into your lungs.

Quick Growing Tip: Learn how to avoid pollination to keep seeds out of your weed.

Stems

Smoking stems either boils down to an accident or an act of desperation. Stems contain minuscule levels of cannabinoids and produce a harsh smoke. However, the presence of stems in your bag doesn’t necessarily indicate bad weed.

Rather, it shows a rushed preparation process. Plus, you paid for that extra weight! When browsing your local dispensary or coffeeshop, avoid buds with excess stems. Alternatively, simply ask the budtender to trim them off before you buy them.

Quick Tip: They’re not as valuable as buds, but you can use stems to make a variety of homemade products, from hash to topicals.

Well-Trimmed vs Leafy

Trimming weed refers to removing the sugar leaves—small leaves that grow out of and around cannabis flowers. The presence of sugar leaves doesn’t automatically render cannabis poor-quality, but it can make a big difference.

Firstly, well-manicured buds simply look great. Trimming gives the bud a nice nugget-like appearance, and the aesthetic is a near-universal trait of premium-quality flowers.

Secondly, excess sugar leaves will impact the weight of the flower. You want to be paying for buds, not leaves. Finally, the presence of sugar leaves can cause issues during the curing process. Small pockets of moisture can build up, creating a breeding ground for pathogens and impacting the taste of the weed.

Quick Growing Tip: You can trim your weed either before or after drying it.

Even between cannabis buds of the same strain, quality varies. Click to learn how to tell the difference between low, medium, and premium-quality buds.

Make cannabis buds harder and more dense with one simple operation

A week or six ago, we asked Doc Green, to test a technique on one of his cannabis plants that would make the buds thicker, more compact and heavier. Although at first it sounded incredible, the simple intervention did really produce spectacular results.

It seemed too good to be true, with a single action making it possible to harvest more weed. That is why we asked Dr. Green to test the technique. He applied the trick to one of his Night Queens and was positively surprised by the extreme amount of trichomes that the plant subsequently produced.

Experiment

In the case of Dr. Green, the buds did not grow significantly thicker, but they did produce more resin. The buds on the plant in question are also considerably more dense than those of the other plants. Below you see on the left a bud that is not treated, and on the right one of the buds on which Dr. Green did apply the technique, the difference can be clearly seen. The bud on the right seems more white and the leaves also contain much more trichomes in the treated plant.

Bud Swelling

The technique with which Dr. Green experimented is called Bud Swelling, it’s surprisingly simple and goes as follows: Once the cannabis plants get their first real bud around the third week of the flowering phase , you start with it. Don’t be scared but you should remove the upper part of the bud. It may seem scary, but in the end you just cut away a very small piece, about 3 millimetres. Below you can see how Dr. Green did it.

Next, according to this movie it is the intention that you repeat this every 10 to 14 days. You probably can also use one treatment because according to other manuals one treatment is sufficient. Doctor Green is enthusiastic and will apply it more often.

Bud Swelling in the picture

Below you can see three videos in which the technique is used. In the first video the technique is demonstrated and in the other two you see the surprising result. The treated buds have clearly become much thicker by cutting the buds. As you can see, it does not only work for indoor cannabis plants, but also for outdoor cannabis. Take advantage of it!

Make cannabis buds harder and more dense with one simple operation A week or six ago, we asked Doc Green, to test a technique on one of his cannabis plants that would make the buds thicker, more

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hemp seeds for hair growth

The secret to beautiful hair & skin: Hemp seed oil

Feel beautiful from head to toe with this wonder oil

It seems there’s no limit to the strange and wonderful ingredients currently hitting the beauty shelves recently, from seahorse plankton to dragons’ blood, we’ve seen it all. But what is hemp seed oil, where does it come from and what are the benefits?

What is hemp seed oil?

Hemp seed oil has been extracted from hemp seeds, unlike CBD which is extracted from the flowers and leaves. The oil is packed with essential fatty acids omega-3, -6 and -9 – all important for naturally moisturising and restoring healthy hair and skin.

It’s also completely renewable (the plant grows in just 4 months and doesn’t need any pesticides, herbicides or fertilisers), the plant breathes in four times more CO2 than trees and requires very little water to grow. Once harvested, its stalk, leaves, flowers, and, of course, it’s seeds, are all used to form beauty products, food and even clothing – wow.

Reduce hair loss and breakage

The high content of fatty acids stimulates healthy hair growth, as well as Vitamin A, which can help to reduce hair loss and breakage. The oil not only contains the three omegas, its packed with vitamins D, E and magnesium which help stimulate new hair growth. It can also help blood circulation which also results in stronger, healthier and longer hair. The wonder oil can help to soothe itchiness and dryness on the scalp and deter dandruff from forming.

Handpicked content: Hair: Get the gloss

Moisturise your skin

The oil will nourish and restore dry skin and the fatty acids within are believed to affect immune responses in the body which may help to soothe the effects of some skin conditions such as eczema, acne and psoriasis.

It’s completely non-comedogenic (meaning it won’t clog your pores), non-greasy and easily absorbed – sign me up!

Halt premature aging

Its properties can help to improve skin renewal and elasticity as well as help to slow down cellular skin aging.

Advice is for information only and should not replace medical care. Please check with your GP before trying any remedies.

The secret to beautiful hair & skin: Hemp seed oil Feel beautiful from head to toe with this wonder oil It seems there’s no limit to the strange and wonderful ingredients currently hitting

Hemp Seed Oil for Hair

Hemp is a member of the Cannabis sativa species of plant. You may have heard this plant referred to as marijuana, but this is really a different variety of Cannabis sativa.

Hemp seed oil is a clear green oil made by cold-pressing hemp seeds. It’s different from cannabidiol (CBD), which is an extract produced from hemp flowers and leaves.

Hemp seed oil typically doesn’t contain the chemical tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which provides the high associated with marijuana use.

Hemp seed oil is said to have many health benefits, among them that it protects hair from damage. Read on to find out more.

There isn’t much clinical research on the benefits of using hemp seed oil on your hair. Advocates of the practice suggest that research on other similar oils that benefit hair may also apply to hemp seed oil.

For example, according to a 2015 research article , certain oils — such as coconut oil — can play a role in protecting hair from damage by:

  • preventing too much water from being absorbed by hair
  • helping to prevent the penetration of certain substances into hair follicles
  • prevent hair breakage by enhancing lubrication of the shaft.
  • prevent hair breakage by reducing the combing force of wet hair

Some believe these may also apply to hemp seed oil.

Omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids are considered to be good for hair when taken as an oral supplement. Hemp seed oil has plenty of both.

For example, a 2015 study found improvement in the hair diameter and hair density of participants who took omega-3 and omega-6 oral supplements over the course of six months.

Researchers on the study also discovered that omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids in combination with antioxidants prevented hair loss in participants who took them.

Hemp seed oil has 3:1 ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 essential fatty acids. It also contains smaller amounts of three other polyunsaturated fatty acids: oleic acid, stearidonic acid, and gamma-linolenic acid.

A tablespoon of hemp seed oil contains 14 grams of fat, 1.5 grams of saturated fat, and 12.5 grams of polyunsaturated fat.

Hemp seed oil also includes:

  • antioxidants, such as vitamin E
  • carotene
  • phytosterols
  • phospholipids
  • chlorophyll

Along with modest amounts of iron and zinc, hemp seed oil also contains a number of minerals, including:

  • calcium
  • magnesium
  • sulfur
  • potassium
  • phosphorus

Hemp and marijuana are varieties of the same plant. Advocates of hemp seed oil for hair claim that it can moisturize and strengthen hair, as well as stimulate hair growth. We'll discuss the possible benefits of hemp seed oil for hair here.